Summer 8: 30-18: 30,
Winter 8: 30-18: 00
Open (get the ticket to enter according to the ID card) free ,
The land mark building of Zhengzhou, the traffic is extremely convenient, taking buses such as No. 2, 9, 26, 28, 32, 57, 58,etc. can all arrive.
Two seven monuments, lie in the square of Zhengzhou city two seven, built in 1971, the structure of armored concrete, the intersection of Chinese and the intersection of building and modelled after an antique conjuncted twin towersing unique, it for commemorate the intersection of Beijing and the intersection of Chinese and commemorative building that railway worker go on strike and build. Classified as the Chinese Key Cultural Relic Unit under State Protection, the youngest Chinese Key Cultural Relic Unit under State Protection of China (build in 1971 in 2006, only have a history of less than 40 years from today) .
On February 1, 1923, Beijing every station worker of Chinese railway was in the general paradise (two seven museums of today) of Zhengzhou ,Establish the federation of trade unions of Chinese railway of Beijing. Because of suffering obstruction and destruction of the feudal warlord, the conference determines to hold the a full range of general strike on February 4. The warlord Wu Peifu, Xiao YaoNan are under the instigating of imperialism on February 7, it is cruel to suppress to the strike workers on Zhengzhou, river bank, long Xindian. A full range of workers share a bitter hatred of the enemy, is not afraid of sacrifice, has carried on brave and dogged struggle with reactionaries. In the struggle, Communist, abate by Yang and 40 more than people such as being high and refined by XiangQian, Shi by Lin, leader of worker, more than 300 people are injured, evoke the revolutionary angry tide that Chinese workers go on strike. This is famous ” the Guest Strike of Feb.7 1923.
On February 7, 1925, railway workers of Chinese of Beijing held worker’s representative assembly of the whole way in Zhengzhou, announce solemnly: Resume the federation of trade unions of Chinese railway of Beijing. Imperialism and reactionary warlord on will it be October 15 1926, murder person in charge of Zhengzhou branch Wang Sheng take place, the intersection of department and gentle Der, and it is here to hang two martyrs’ head ” Changchun bridge ” (two seven monument addresses of today) Wire pole at. However, the heroic railway worker has not been scared, they continue fighting. The Communist Party of China especially pays attention to propagating one’s own opinion in workers from the day of borning, educate, unite workers and carry on revolutionary struggle and develop oneself in struggle. Two railways Chinese of Beijing, Gansu-Qinghai Railway become the place of the key activity of Communist Party naturally. In October of 1920, the communist group of Beijing was established, namely long Xindian on Chinese road in Beijing launched the labour movement. It is spring next year, communist group member Zhao ZiJian comes to Zhengzhou, take the post as the teacher of school of rail man in Zhengzhou, propagate the new thought in workers, mobilize, organize workers. Soon, one of the founders of the party Li Dazhao even comes to Zhengzhou, tell worker revolutionary ideas, explain the united strength of the working class. In August of 1921, Zhengzhou railway Workers’ Club was established. In November of 1921, the railway worker of Gansu-Qinghai Railway mobilized the whole way and went on strike for opposing the capitalist’s oppression, exploitation, under the energetical support of workers such as leadership of the Communist Party of China and Beijing Chinese railway and other places, the strike has made the thorough victory finally, and was born in the organization of the first party of Henan – -The Communist Party of China leading Party group in Luoyang.
In 1922, the labour movement of Henan developed towards breadth and depth, had already become one of the centres of China’s labour movement as Zhengzhou of the hub of communications. This year, the Beijing place workers of engineering of Zhengzhou of Chinese railway ” deprives worker of freedom arbitrarily because of factory director Chen FuHai of the engineering, treat workers such as oxens and horseses ” Go on a strike, they issue declaration, enumerate Chen Fu Hai 16 crime, propose, improve the intersection of worker and the intersection of qualification and status, the intersection of person who get a salary raise and five terms, get the support of workers such as river bank, long Xindian and other places.
Struggle the intersection of practical education and worker, make them realize, organize, stand up, defeat the intersection of strength and of enemy further. On April 9, Beijing every representative of engineering groups of Chinese railway holds and initiates and establishes the preparatory meeting of the federation of trade unions of the whole way in long Xindian, the river bank represents Yang De is selected as preparing to a director just. On August 10, the federation of trade unions of Chinese railway of Beijing prepares commission for the second time and is held in Zhengzhou, 14 people participated in the meeting. Whom every station participate in have clear for representative clear to reject Germany within the territory of the Henan, the Yellow River north bank represents Wu ChangYi, the yellow river south bank represents Han SongTing, Xu Zhou (today Xuchang) Represent Liu ShengYou, and, Yan city represents Yang ZhiQing that Zhengzhou representatives insult clear fence, high and refined, Liu Geng, Xinyang represents Wang Fu grows etc.. The representatives have reported the organization situation of the regional trade union, has drafted ” rules of federation of trade unions of Chinese railway of Beijing ” at the meeting . The meeting is scheduled to establish the federation of trade unions in Zhengzhou before September 20, elect and insult the clear fence to be a temporary chairperson of federation of trade unions, and begin to restructure the trade union in all parts of the whole way.
In order to support long Xindian workers to oppose the foreman oppresses and strives for the strike of worker’s right and struggles, worker held joint strike on the 25th, the 26th of August under the leadership of Party organization on Zhengzhou Beijing Chinese road. Until ” at 7 o’clock on the the morning of the 26th, the working state of Zhengzhou totally declares that stops, every truck is parked. The strike declaration has already spread the whole port ” . Meanwhile, Xu Zhou, Yan city, Xinyang and other places respond to actively too. The railway worker of Gansu-Qinghai Railway issues a statement, supports the strike of the long Xindian workers of Chinese road of Beijing, ” requirement substantially as answering workers in three days ” ,The sea route of Gansu Province will be supported unanimously with the strike. After the long Xindian strike wins, the railway worker of Zhengzhou has held the grand celebration, ” set off ten thousands of ” firecrackers ,Demonstration puts up the slogans, make the broad masses of the people ” all express that admire the sincere feeling which admire the working class, there are persons who hail, there are persons who applaud, have much tendencies that the whole town turns out ” ,Have revealed the united strength of the working class, has obtained the support of masses and subordinate ordinary soldier from all walks of life too.
The victory of the long Xindian strike, have a great impact on clear Germany, Xinxiang and other places. In less than 10 days, the clear railway Workers’ Club of Germany grew from 72 original people to more than 1000 people, change from club to the trade union. Avenue clear way hold first Workers’ Club preparatory meeting on will it be night September 11, on the 14th, Workers’ Club is established formally. Xinxiang station set up trade union to December 4 independently ‘ Belong to the clear trade union of Germany originally) ,There are more than 200 members. Xinyang Workers’ Club follows the new rules of federation of trade unions to reorganize, yellow river south bank, Xu Zhou, Yan city and other places trade union have been all developed too. Li Dazhao writes in article of ” trend of China’s labour movement “: ” divided into south segment and north segment again on the whole about the trade union of line of Beijing Chinese at the beginning of 1922, the trade union here is more developed, the labour movement has a suitable effect too ” .
By the end of 1922, in Henan border the intersection of Beijing and Chinese, main cities and towns at the the intersection of Gansu-Qinghai Railway and two railways basically already set up the grassroots organization of the party or carry on the work after having Party members.